Types Of Goldfish


The goldfish is a very popular pet among young children as well as adults. It is a favorite pet of many people as each has a different personality and can be trained to be hand fed. Goldfish were one of the first fish that was used as a pet and is the most commonly found pet fish all over the world.

Species of Goldfish:

Goldfish (Carassius auratus) belong to the carp family. There are many species found due to selective breeding. The specie varies in traits, color, fin, tail shapes, eyes, body shape etc. but all look visually pleasing and lovely.

Types of Goldfish:

Thе types and species of goldfish differ in certain traits, shapes, sizes and colors. The different groups of goldfish are single tailed, double tailed with egg shape body and double tailed with egg shape but without dorsal fins. Following are the

Different Types of Goldfish:


Shubunkіns are found in two different forms; London Shubunkins and Bristol Shubunkins. These fish show calico colors like yellow, red, orange, violet etc. It can be identified because of small black spots on its body. Shubunkins goldfish appears to be scale less and look very much like the common goldfish.


Comets Goldfish is the common goldfish found as a pet. Comets Goldfish have high tolerance for low temperature and low water. They can grow up to fifteen inches in length. They are very active and can have a life of up to thirty years. Comets are quite similar to commons, the only difference being their tail – Comets have much longer, flower tails. Their requirements are the same, as Comets can also reach huge sizes and are therefore unsuitable for aquariums, vases and bowls. Comets Goldfish can be identified due to their small slim body and long tails.It is found in a range of colors like orange and black, red and white, red and black, and orange and red etc.


Oranda Goldfish have a characteristic head helmet and long split fins and tail. The true Oranda is rare and hard to find. It can grow up to five inches in length. Oranda Goldfish has an average life of sixteen years. This type of goldfish is found in blue, red, brown, yellow and black colors. When setting up an aquarium or pond for an Oranda, going for a bottom without substrate is the idea. These goldies, especially the more extreme ones, may get small grains of sand in their wens when foraging. This can cause irritation and in bad cases even infection!


Ryukin Goldfish have a small hump at the back of their head. These fish can grow up to six inches in length and have an average life of fifteen years. Ryukin Goldfish is found in calico color combinations like white and orange and red and white etc. Ryukin Goldfish is found in calico color combinations like white and orange and red and white etc. Available in long-tailed and short-tailed versions, Ryukin are similar to fantails with exception of a  big hump just behind the head. They are among the biggest types of fancies, with show quality specimens needing up to 130 gal (500l) to grow out nicely without stunting! In regular aquariums with pet store quality Ryukin, try to go for 25-30 gallons (95-114l) for each one.


Pearlscale Goldfish is also known as Chinshurin. This fish has scales that appear to be raised from the body. Pearlscale Goldfish is found in a range of colors.It has a round shape and has feature that make it look like a pearl. This type of goldfish is sensitive to temperature and water changes. Pearlscale Goldfish is found in different shiny color combinations of yellow, orange, brown, read orange. The colors can be in patches or on a blue background color.

Telescope eye:

Telescope Goldfish is a commonly found goldfish. It is found in a variety of colors and shapes. The true telescope Goldfish has very long fins. Telescope eye golfish are named after their big, bulging eyes, that are caused by a genetic mutation. They come in a few different subtypes like Butterfly (with a butterfly shaped tail), Black Moor ( a completely black telescope eye) and Demekin ( a Ryukin with telescope eyes), that all have similar requirements. Because they don’t see very well, you should always keep an eye on your telescope eye to ensure it gets enough food. From my personal experience I have learned that it’s easiest to just keep your telescope eyes with only other telescope eyes so there isn’t too much competition for food. Sharp decorations like plastic plants or pointy gravel should be avoided, as the eyes are easily damaged.

Black Moors:

Black Moors goldfish is an active and easy to train fish. It has an average life of seventeen years. This type of fish is only found in deep black color. It is found in groups and is comfortable with other types of goldfish as well.


Veiltail goldfish has different variants and is found with different adaptations like Philadelphia veiltails, European veiltails and Chinese veiltails. They have a delicate body and need a lot of care. Veiltail goldfish is available in different colors and has long fins.

Bubble Eye:

Bubble Eye Goldfish has large bulging eyes and large delicate sacks blow the eyes. Bubble Eye Goldfish is found in black and orange color and is without dorsal fins. Bubble eyes are quite similar to Celestials – the difference is in the eyes. Bubble eyes have eyes that are turned upwards, but they are of normal size. Under the eyes is a sac filled with water that grows bigger as the fish ages. These sacs are very fragile and can burst when touched by a sharp object, so the best type of aquarium for a bubble eye is a bare bottom tank with only smooth, round rocks and soft plants like anacharis.

Phoenix Egg fish/Egg:

Phoenix Egg fish/Egg Goldfish is a very rare type of goldfish and not found easily. It has long fins but no dorsal fins.


Lionhead Goldfish has a straight back behind a large head.  It is a poor swimmer and is comfortable with other poor swimming goldfish. It has a round body and is found in colors like yellow, orange, blue and black. All these different types of goldfish, goldfish is a freshwater fish in the family Cyprinidae of order Cypriniformes. It was one of the earliest fish to be domesticated, and is one of the most commonly kept aquarium fish.